Thursday, 2 June 2016

The Medallions of Isaac Newton

The Medallions of Isaac Newton.
Medallion of Isaac Newton by James Roettiers.
Dated 1739.
Bronze, 54 mm.
On the reverse Science with wings on her head, seated on a rock, holding a diagram of the solar system; at her feet is a globe 
This medal was executed by order and at the expense of Mr. Thomas Hammond, and only a few were struck off as presents to his friends and to admirers of Newton.
The legend on the reverse considers Newton as fulfilling the prophecy of Seneca that someone would arise to demonstrate the course of the comets. (Med. Ill.) Lucius Annaeus Seneca was a writer who lived in Rome in the first century CE. He wrote De Cometis, a priceless look into the past of what people thought about comets.
Lifted with grateful thanks directly from the excellent website of Ben Weiss see -
Medallion of Isaac Newton
Designed by John Croker.
51 mm.
Dated 1726.

 The Reverse with Science, with wings on her head, seated, left, leans upon a table and holds a diagram of the solar system.
British Museum.

Medallion of Isaac Newton by Dassier
The reverse showing the Monument to Newton in Westminster Abbey.
A Bronze Medallion commemorating the death of John Conduitt (1688 - 1737).
Master of the Mint and Member of Parliament for Southampton.
Designed by Hubert Gravelot
John Sigismund Tanner.
58 mm.
Gravelot described the reverse as "Mr. Conduit, under the guidance of Astræa, joins (Isaac) Newton and Hamden in the Elysian fields."

The medallist Tanner (d. 1775) was by origin German. He came to England in 1728 and soon after was appointed as an engraver at the Royal Mint thanks to Conduitt. He later became Chief Engraver, in 1741.
British Museum.
Wedgwood and Bentley Relief of Isaac Newton
Approx. 4"
c. 1779.

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